Thin sand, at the moment, let the infrastructure industry from top to bottom feel unprecedented frustration.
Building walls, laying floors, mixing concrete, building roads and building bridges are all inseparable from sand. Since last year, the price of sand has started to rise, and this year it has gone up faster. Since the beginning of this year, many capital construction projects have been strained by funds, which is even worse.
What's wrong with the little sand?
It costs 2 million yuan for a building.
In August, the hot sun baked the earth. Sun Long also encountered another kind of baking.
Sun Long, the project manager, has received a price adjustment letter from a mixed station at the two site of the East Lake hi tech Zone. Sun Long calculates, plus this price increase, the C30 commercial concrete used in the project has risen from 309 yuan per cubic metre in the middle of last year to 400 yuan per cubic meter. "The building area of this residential area is nearly 120 thousand square meters, the contract cost is about 140 million yuan, and it needs 80 thousand cubic meters of concrete." Sun Long estimated that after several rises in price, the whole project only had one concrete item, and it would have to spend more than about 5000000 yuan.
Zhang Wu, deputy manager of the 5 stage commercial office project of RC Tiancheng, is also worried because the price of concrete continues to increase as the price of concrete keeps rising. From April to June this year, the per cubic metre of concrete increased by 15 yuan, and the use of concrete for 13 thousand cubic meters in 3 months increased the cost by nearly 200 thousand yuan. "The 35 storey office building costs about 170 million yuan, with a total of 50 thousand to 60 thousand cubic meters of concrete. Now the profit rate of engineering projects is generally 2%. Zhang Wu said that because of the rise in the price of concrete, the estimated cost of the project is about 2000000 yuan, and the profit will be reduced by more than half.
According to the data collected by the provincial construction project standard management station, the most commonly used C30 commercial concrete in Wuhan was 392.23 yuan per cubic meter in 2017, and the average price in the first half of 2018 was 423.67 yuan per cubic meter, up 31.44 yuan, or 8.02%. In Yichang, C30 commodity concrete rose from 480 yuan per cubic metre to 510 yuan in the first half of this year, or 6.25%.
The construction unit buying concrete is worried, and the enterprises producing concrete are also worried. "The price of concrete has gone up, but it is far from the price of sand." Nie Fen, director of sand and stone purchasing of Zhongjian Commodity Concrete Co., Ltd. complained. Sand is one of the main raw materials of concrete. Last year, her company purchased sand price of 80 yuan per ton, and this year it has been rising. Now 150 yuan per ton is not necessarily available. "Sand is in short supply and prices are soaring." Nie Fen said that in the past, the company bought sand mainly from Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake, and now these places have no sand to buy. In order to maintain production needs, the company had to go to Henan to find sand or use river sand mixed mechanism sand.
According to the report released by the Hubei Federation of Building Materials Association, in 2017, the total output of commercial concrete in the province totaled 66 million 961 thousand cubic meters, weighing 2.4 tons per cubic meter of concrete and about 1.6 million tons. According to the calculation of nearly 1 kg of C30 concrete for nearly 300 kilograms, only the commercial concrete industry will use at least about 48000000 tons of sand a year.
Insiders said that in construction projects, if the price of materials increased by 10%, the total cost of construction projects will be promoted by 6%-7%. Under the terms of the construction contract, it is difficult to adjust the price of materials, which may make the performance difficult. The contracting parties and contractors have a dispute over the price adjustment of materials, which will bring problems to project management and affect the quality and progress of the project.
More than two years, the price of sand has soared several times.
The data collected by the provincial standard of construction project standard management show that the price of sand in the whole province is rising.
Last year, the average price of coarse sand in Wuhan was 132.37 yuan per cubic meter, rising to 154.33 yuan per cubic meter in June this year, or 16.59%. From January to June this year, the average coarse sand in Yichang rose from 90.64 yuan per cubic metre to 124.5 yuan per cubic meter, or 37.36%.
The price of sand has risen. Surprisingly, the operators of sand and gravel seem to be unhappy.
There are sand wharves outside the embankment of Qingling Street rocket village in Hongshan district. In July 31st, all media reporters in Hubei daily saw that there was no boat Unloading Sand on a pier. "The docks did not operate for 7 months, and they stopped at the end of April this year." Changqing building materials terminal director Wei Desheng said. Nowadays, sand mining has been greatly reduced, and even if the docks continue, there is almost no business to do. "How many millions of dollars have we invested in the construction of the wharf? What should we do?"
Bosses are also worried about Jiangxia's gold mouth not far from here. In 2016, more than 40 sand bosses assembled a number of wharfs on a 650 meter shoreline along the riverside of Yan Jia village, Jinggang new area. A temporary sand and gravel distributing center in Jiangxia district was set up and invested nearly 30 million yuan. "This month has passed 24 days, only 2 ships sand, only more than 2000 tons." In July 24th, Yang Jun, a shareholder of the distribution center, told reporters. The year before last, the port of Jin Kou could have twenty thousand or thirty thousand tons of sand per day and only 20 yuan per ton. "At the beginning of this year, 120 yuan per ton, now up to 160 yuan per ton, and it is still rising every day." "Sand is not only expensive, but also less and less, and the price is going to rise." Yang Jun said, before acquaintances to pull sand can also credit, now not. The driver of the truck waiting for sanding in the distribution center told reporters that as long as the team owner knew where there was sand, he immediately informed them that the driver must be on call and late. Maybe sand was stolen.
The soaring price of sand and gravel has aroused the concern of relevant government departments. In the first half of the province's economic situation analysis conference, the provincial development and Reform Commission said that the price of sand and gravel was soaring in the province, and the supply was tight, which has become one of the important factors that affect project construction.
The provincial construction project standard quota management center responsible person said, at present, our province's construction is still in the peak period, the demand for sand is huge. The demand for sand in neighboring provinces and Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces is also very large, and the acquisition of high prices is everywhere. The contradiction between supply and demand of sand and gravel is more prominent in our province.